Special Events– Pick up All Costs

 

Planning your next fundraising event? Now it’s the time to consider pesky financial issues that can derail your best efforts. Many fundraisers, focused on the tasks to make the event a success, end up forgetting some crucial activities and costs, such as the items discussed next.
1- Create a Budget for the Event

Be sure to create a budget with all costs way before the event takes place. I have seen an event budget for a gala where the cost of drinks was forgotten. So, it’s easy to miss important items and underestimate the event expenses. A way to avoid this problem is to have someone from accounting or finance department look at the budget numbers. Another way to prevent this issue is for development people to use a template budget form that contains common line items. Not every event is the same, but they usually have many expenses in common.

2- Consider Insurance Issues

Oftentimes events involve certain activities, such as a petting zoo that may require an insurance rider to be sure the event is covered. These riders are usually not expensive, but they are part of the overall costs of an event. Nonprofits can also ask insurance documents from the third-party to be sure all is covered and a rider is not necessary. Be sure to have this cost as part of the template budget form.

3- Look out for Sales Taxes

Many states, such as California, tax specific items within a fundraising event, such as certain auction items. Check your state and other government agencies to verify what is taxed in your jurisdiction. Tax rates may vary by state, county and city, so double-check this issue and consider it in your budget because it can take an unexpected bite of your proceedings. In California, the sales tax rate can be as high as 9.00% +of gross sales.  This tax may change, so double check with your state to make sure you’re OK.  Ask about sales tax waivers, if available.

4- Don’t Forget Overhead

Overhead costs are those that are not directly associated with the event. For example, an event carried on at the premises may involve rent or mortgage, fire insurance, maintenance, utilities and other administrative costs. These expenses are easily ignored because the event organizers don’t have to pay for those; they are often considered to be costs of the organization in general. To account for this “hidden: cost, some nonprofits charge a fee as rent to the event, while others charge a percentage of direct costs. The point is to note all costs associated with the fund-raising event.

5- Don’t Leave Wages out

Wages paid, including any overtime, to employees involved with the event should be part of the event budget, especially when dealing with large events where a lot of time is spent on planning and organizing. For instance, if someone is paid $30K in wages and works three months on an event, about $7,500 ($30,000 x 3/12) should be considered an event cost. Usually, a percentage, such as 20% is added to the gross wages to account for payroll taxes and benefits.

Check out the book “Nonprofit Finance: A Practical Guide” –– Nominated for the McAdam Book Award

Tax Forms Nonprofits Need

It may come as a shock that nonprofits may be tax-exempt, but they may need to file tax returns and even pay taxes on certain income, including those at local, state, and federal levels. If nonprofits fail to file the forms, they may lose their tax exemption,  be liable for penalties and interest, making tax compliance a priority to many organizations. This article focuses on federal and California tax forms and requirements.

Below are some tax issues and forms nonprofits should mind:

Sales Tax

States and local authorities may collect sales tax on fundraising efforts, including proceeds from auctioned items. Some states allow for exemptions if the nonprofit files an exemption form before the event.

In California, sales taxes are applied to certain auction items, and the nonprofit must remit the tax using the form BOE401a2. Depending on the case, you may need to file the taxes online and pay using a regular check, e-check or another method.

Payroll Taxes

Nonprofit organizations must follow the law when it comes to payroll taxes, including withholdings and paying their share of Social Security tax unless the nonprofit has its own approved retirement plan.

Nonprofits file the same payroll forms, as for-profit business do, such as the form941, Employer’s Quarterly Federal Tax Return, and form 940- Employer’s Annual Federal Unemployment Tax Return. Also, a nonprofit distributes tax forms W-2 to employees in the beginning of the following year with summaries of salaries and withholding.

Note that states have their own payroll taxes that nonprofit must comply with and pay. California has the form DE1NP Registration Form for Nonprofit Employers and DE-9 Quarterly Contribution Return and Report of Wages.

Annual Information Tax Returns

Except for religious organizations and a few others, nonprofits are required to file a form within the 990 tax series a few months after their year-end. Small organizations may file online the e-card 990-N, giving the IRS basic information, such as name and address of the nonprofit. Larger organizations file the forms 990 Return of Organization Exempt from Income Tax, or the 990-EZ, which are more detailed, requiring specific numbers for revenues and expenses along with information on programs and board of directors. If the nonprofit doesn’t file taxes for 3 years, its tax-exemption may be revoked, including smaller organizations.

In addition, states like California have their own reporting and paying system. In California, for instance, requires annual reporting – FTB 199N of smaller organizations, with larger ones filing longer, more detailed form 199.

Unrelated Business Income Tax

There are instances where nonprofit may compete unfairly with for-profit businesses, such as a nonprofit opening a restaurant with no connection to its mission. Many exceptions apply, but if the organization is deemed to have unrelated business income, it must file form 990-T with the IRS and pay the proper tax, also known as UBIT.

Note that California requires that nonprofits with taxable income to fill out the form 109 Exempt Organizations Business Income Tax Return.  Other states may have their own reporting and paying requirements.

>>Be sure to double check the requirements for these forms at least once a year, since things change often and you don’t want to be out of compliance. For instance, Obamacare has requirements for businesses, including nonprofits, to provide health insurance for employees if the organization has a certain number of employees.  It also may be possible for smaller nonprofits to get the Small Employer Tax Credit.  Since Obamacare may change in the future, keep an eye of this and other issues.

 

Check out the book “Nonprofit Finance: A Practical Guide- Second Edition” –– First edition Nominated for the 2016 McAdam Book Award

What you need to organize a nonprofit well – Article-Blog